Creating a Common Table Expression (CTE) in Redshift

A Common Table Expression (CTE) is a powerful tool in Redshift that allows you to create a temporary result set that can be used in a query. CTEs are useful for breaking down complex queries into smaller, more manageable pieces, and can help improve query performance.

In this article, we'll look at how to create a CTE in Redshift.

Creating a CTE in Redshift

Creating a CTE in Redshift is easy. All you need to do is use the WITH clause to define the CTE, followed by a SELECT statement to define the result set. Here's an example of a CTE that returns the top 10 customers by sales:

WITH top_customers AS (
SELECT customer_id, SUM(sales) AS total_sales
FROM orders
GROUP BY customer_id
ORDER BY total_sales DESC
SELECT * FROM top_customers;

In this example, we've created a CTE called top_customers that returns the top 10 customers by sales. We can then use this CTE in other queries, such as to get the total sales for each customer:

SELECT customer_id, total_sales
FROM top_customers
WHERE total_sales > 1000;

Additional info about creating CTEs in Redshift

In summary, CTEs can help you:

  • Break down complex queries into smaller, more manageable pieces
  • Improve query performance, because they allow you to reuse the same result set multiple times.

It's important to note that CTEs are specific to Redshift. Other databases may have different syntax for creating CTEs.

If you want to learn more about CTEs in Redshift, you can check out the official documentation here.

Want to build your own LLM Apps with AirOps👇👇